How to Become a Nurse

Nurse: How to Become a Nurse

Nursing is a highly valued and essential profession within the healthcare industry, focusing on a range of patient care aspects. As a trained professional, a nurse plays a vital role in providing medical assistance and support to those in need. Working closely with doctors and other healthcare personnel, nurses are regarded as one of the most honorable professions. It is crucial for a trained nurse to have a deep understanding of the process and technicalities involved in nursing.

A nurse is a healthcare professional who is trained to provide medical care and assistance to patients. They work in various settings such as hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and home healthcare settings. Nurses are responsible for a range of duties, including monitoring and recording patient vital signs, administering medication, assisting with medical procedures, providing patient education, and collaborating with other healthcare professionals to develop and implement treatment plans. They also provide emotional support to patients and their families and help manage their pain and discomfort. Nurses may specialize in various areas of healthcare, such as pediatrics, oncology, or critical care. They play a crucial role in the healthcare system and are often the first line of care for patients.

Nurses have diverse roles and responsibilities that vary depending on their job profiles. Some are responsible for planning and evaluating nursing care requirements, while others handle pre and post-operation care. Some nurses maintain medical records, while others administer and monitor intravenous infusions and medication. Regardless of their specific roles, all nurses are dedicated to providing the best possible care to their patients and ensuring their overall well-being.

To succeed in this profession, aspiring nurses must possess excellent communication, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills, as well as emotional intelligence and compassionate nature. With the right education and training, as well as the necessary licenses and certifications, nurses can embark on a fulfilling and rewarding career in healthcare.

Roles and Responsibilities of Nurse

Nurses play a vital role in the healthcare system and have a range of responsibilities. Here are some of the key roles and responsibilities of a nurse:

  1. Patient care: Nurses provide direct care to patients, including monitoring vital signs, administering medication, assisting with medical procedures, and providing emotional support.
  2. Patient education: Nurses teach patients and their families about their conditions, treatment plans, and self-care techniques.
  3. Record keeping: Nurses maintain detailed records of patients’ medical histories, medications, and treatments.
  4. Collaboration: Nurses work closely with other healthcare professionals, including doctors, therapists, and social workers, to develop and implement treatment plans.
  5. Advocacy: Nurses act as patient advocates, ensuring that their patients’ needs and concerns are addressed and that they receive quality care.
  6. Leadership: Nurses often take on leadership roles, such as charge nurse or nursing supervisor, and are responsible for overseeing the work of other nurses and healthcare staff.
  7. Research: Nurses may conduct research to improve patient care, develop new treatments, and advance the field of nursing.

Overall, nurses play a critical role in the healthcare system and are responsible for providing high-quality, compassionate care to their patients.

How to become a Nurse after 12th?


  • Candidates must have passed 10+2 from a recognized institution with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) as major subjects. However, for diploma courses, candidates must have passed 10+2 with any combination of subjects
  • The essential eligibility requirement is a minimum of 45% marks in 10+2 or equivalent (relaxation rules apply for different categories and vary from college to college).
  • For admission into a course like Auxiliary Nursing & Midwife, candidates can apply with a passing certificate of 10th boards with an aggregate of at least 50% from a recognized institution.
  • A valid passing mark sheet of the entrance exam for nursing courses is compulsory for admission in undergraduate, diploma, postgraduate, and Ph.D. courses.
  • An important prerequisite for getting employed is to register oneself with a State Nursing Council
  • Apart from these courses, aspirants looking forward to building a career as a nurse can also opt for a particular specialization by going for any Post Basic Speciality (one-year diploma) courses. Some of the popular Nursing specializations are as follows:
  1. Critical Care Nursing
  2. Emergency and Disaster Nursing
  3. Neonatal Nursing
  4. Neuro Nursing
  5.  Oncology Nursing
  6. Operation Room Nursing Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Nursing
  7. Practitioner in Midwifery

Pay Scale/Salary of Nurse


The pay scale of a nurse may depend on the type of specialization and experience that he/she holds. Mentioned below is the salary for a nurse:

Job ProfileStarting Salary per annum (in INR)Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)Senior Level Salary per annum (INR)

Note: The above figures are estimated and may vary from individual to individual and organization to organization.


Books & Study Material to Become Nurse


In order to get admission to a good nursing institute, candidates may have clear some entrance exams. To achieve this, candidates can take references from good books and other study materials. Given below is the list of best books to prepare for a career in nursing.

  • Review Guide for NLN-RN Pre-Entrance Exam by Mary McDonald
  • The Pearson Guide To The B.Sc. (Nursing) Entrance Examination by Saroj Parwez
  • McGraw-Hill’s Nursing School Entrance Exams, Second Edition: Strategies + 8 Practice Tests by Tamra Orr, Thomas A. Evangelist, and Judy Unrein
  • Indian Army Military Nursing (Staff Nurse) Services Exam Books by Sura College of Competition
  • Comprehensive Guide for Nursing Competitive Exam by R.S. Sharma, Vinod Gupta Preeti Agarwal

Nursing Colleges / Universities

  1. Sister Nivedita University

  2. Calcutta University

  3. Techno India University

  4. Bankura Sammilani Medical College

  5. Belarani Institute of Nursing


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