Environmental Scientist – How to become an Environmental Scientist

Environmental scientists are experts who study the physical environment and its interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components. Their focus is on pollution and degradation caused by human activities and the impact on biodiversity and sustainability.

The job description of an environmental scientist involves identifying the reasons behind environmental degradation and finding corrective measures to rectify imbalances caused by human activities. They collaborate with other professionals to create policies and modify human behavior to prevent harmful effects on the environment. Environmental scientists examine observations and measurements of air, water, soil, food, and other aspects to determine the best possible ways of improving and preserving the environment. They may also be involved in conservation programs.

How to become an environmental scientist after the 12th?

To become an environmental scientist after completing the 12th standard, you will need to follow these steps:

  1. Choose a Science Stream: As an environmental scientist, you need to have a good understanding of scientific principles. Hence, you should opt for Science Stream (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Mathematics) in your 12th grade.
  2. Pursue a Bachelor’s Degree: After completing 12th grade, you can enroll for a Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Science, Environmental Studies, or any other related field. This will provide you with the foundation and knowledge necessary to become an environmental scientist.
  3. Obtain a Master’s Degree: A master’s degree in Environmental Science, Ecology, or a related field will help you gain advanced knowledge and a deeper understanding of the subject. Many employers require candidates to have a Master’s degree to qualify for certain positions.
  4. Gain Work Experience: Gain hands-on experience in the field by working with environmental organizations, laboratories, or government agencies. This will help you acquire practical knowledge and make you more marketable as a job candidate.
  5. Continue Learning: Environmental science is an ever-changing field, and new developments and advancements occur regularly. Hence, it is essential to keep up with the latest developments in the field by attending seminars, workshops, and conferences.
  6. Certifications: You can also consider getting certified by recognized bodies like the National Environmental Health Association, the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists, or the Institute of Hazardous Materials Management.

In conclusion, becoming an environmental scientist requires hard work, dedication, and


B.Sc Environmental Science Course Highlights

Some of the major highlights of the B.Sc Environmental Science course are given below:

Name of the Course

B.Sc Environmental Science


3 years

Minimum Eligibility

The candidate must have passed class 12th in Science with 50% minimum aggregate.

Lateral Entry Option

The lateral entry option is open in B.Sc for the candidates who have pursued 3-year Polytechnic diploma after the 12th.

Entrance Exams







Admission Process

Merit-based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of merit obtained in the qualifying exam.

Entrance-based: Some colleges take admission on the basis of a national-level, Institute level or a state level entrance exam.

Course Fee

20,000 to 50,000 (depending on the institute)


Candidates belonging to reserved categories and economically weaker sections are eligible for state government scholarship schemes.

AICTE Tuition Fee Waiver Scheme (only for 5% of students in each state)

Deemed or private universities offer merit scholarships  (based on marks in the entrance exam or Class 12th)


There are a lot of internship opportunities for a B.Sc in Environmental Science in India.

Average starting salary

1.2 to 2.5 LPA

Career Options

Environment Journalists

Conservation Hydrologist

Environment Photographer

Director of Waste Management

Catastrophe Modeler

Environment Researcher

Wildlife Film-maker

Forest Carbon Specialist

Environmental Scientist Job Description

Environmental scientists are responsible for determining appropriate data collection methods for research projects, investigations, and surveys related to the environment. They collect and analyze environmental data from air, soil, water, food, and other materials, and assess potential threats to the environment. These professionals develop plans to prevent, control, or resolve environmental issues, such as land or water pollution. They also communicate information about environmental hazards and health risks to government officials, businesses, and the public, and prepare technical reports and presentations to explain their findings.

Environmental Scientist Career Prospects

The demand for environmental scientists is increasing in various fields related to the environment, making it a promising career choice. Environmental scientists can pursue careers in nature conservation, pollution control, regional development, and environmental education, among other areas. They can work for government entities, such as the Department of Environmental Affairs, provincial departments of Nature Conservation, and the National Parks Board, as well as private organizations with a focus on nature conservation.

Environmental Scientist Salary

With the increasing environmental consciousness in society, the demand for environmental scientists is high. There is great potential in this field as an interesting career. Although it requires hard work and effort, it offers significant opportunities for career growth. Environmental scientists’ salaries vary depending on their academic qualifications, the institute or university from which they graduated, and their level of work experience. Fresh graduates from prestigious institutes can earn between Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 4,00,000 annually in the corporate sector, with rapid growth with experience.

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